On July 13, 2016, the EU added new import controls on invasive alien species (IAS) to its TARIC database with the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1141, adopting a list of invasive alien species of EU concern pursuant to EU Regulation No. 1143/2014. Amber Road's EU Trade Content team has captured these new import controls and updated our global trade content.
According to the European Commission, IAS are animals and plants that are introduced accidentally or deliberately into a natural environment where they are not normally found, resulting in serious negative consequences for their new environment. They represent a major threat to native plants and animals in Europe, causing billions of euros worth of damage to the European economy every year.
What are invasive alien species?
IAS are defined as species whose introduction and spread outside their natural ecological range poses a real threat to biodiversity and the economy. It is estimated that there are already over 12,000 alien species present in Europe, of which around 10–15% are invasive. They occur in all major taxonomic groups, ranging from mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, invertebrates, and plants, to fungi, bacteria and other micro-organisms. They are also found in every type of habitat, both on land and in the surrounding seas.
The vast majority are unable to survive in an unfamiliar environment without human intervention and eventually die off. However, some species manage to adapt to their new surroundings and eventually establish themselves in the wild, where they can cause significant ecological and economic damage. All EU member states have issues with IAS on their territory, some much more than others.
How does the EU control invasive alien species?
The EU Regulation 1143/2014 on IAS entered into force on January 1, 2015. This regulation seeks to address the problem of IAS in a comprehensive manner to protect native biodiversity and ecosystem services, as well as to minimize and mitigate the human health or economic impacts that these species can have. By adopting a list of invasive alien species and linking these to the EU’s CN Codes, customs authorities can now check for these particular IAS.
These new import controls contain 37 new species that are now subject to the restrictions in Article 7 of the IAS Regulation. This list will be regularly updated when new, damaging species are monitored and identified. It is extremely important to comply to these regulations given the adverse impact IAS have on society - this is where Amber Road can help.
How does Amber Road deal with these invasive species?
Amber Road captures these controls in its software suite as trade content and flags this to our clients. For our EU customers, we also indicate applicable control measure codes and relevant footnotes in order to facilitate compliant filing into the relevant e-Customs declaration system.
For more information on how Amber Road captures global trade content and integrates it into our software suite, download our Global Knowledge® brochure.
This post was published on September 27, 2016 and updated on September 27, 2016.